3 Petri-Net Data types
1. Workflow Model
Definition: The Workflow model represents the structured sequence of processes or activities aimed at accomplishing a specific task or goal. It defines the flow of tasks, decisions, and information in organizational processes or systems.
- Activities: Discrete tasks or operations within the workflow.
- Transitions: The movement or progression from one activity to another.
- Actors: Entities (either human or automated) responsible for performing the activities.
- Data: Information that flows through the workflow, being input, manipulated, or output by activities.
- Triggers: Events or conditions that initiate or influence the flow of activities.
Usage Context: Used in business process management, software development, and automation systems to streamline and optimize processes.
2. Petri-Net Model
Definition: A Petri-net is a mathematical modeling language used for the description and analysis of systems characterized by concurrency, parallelism, synchronization, and nondeterminism. It extends beyond simple workflow models by providing a graphical and mathematical representation of distributed systems.
- Places: Represent conditions or states of the system.
- Transitions: Symbolize events that can change the state of the system.
- Tokens: Denote the presence or absence of certain conditions. The distribution of tokens across places represents the current state of the system.
- Arcs: Connect places to transitions (and vice versa), dictating the flow of tokens and thus the allowable transitions based on the current state.
Usage Context: Widely used in the fields of computer science and systems engineering for modeling complex systems, analyzing performance, and verifying system properties.
3. Elementary Nets (EN) Model
Definition: Elementary Nets (EN) are a simplified version of Petri-nets focused on the fundamental aspects of system behavior, particularly the notions of causality and conflict without considering complex data or hierarchical structures.
- Conditions: Similar to places in Petri-nets, conditions represent the state of the system but are more binary in nature, indicating whether a condition is true or false.
- Events: Analogous to transitions, events denote changes between conditions. An event occurs if and only if all its preconditions are true, and its occurrence results in the postconditions becoming true.
- Arcs: Define the relationship between conditions and events, indicating which conditions must be true for an event to occur and which conditions become true after an event occurs.
Usage Context: ENs are used for modeling and analyzing simple systems or processes where the focus is on the presence or absence of conditions and the basic causality relationships between events. They serve as a foundational concept for understanding more complex Petri-net variants and are useful in educational settings or initial system design phases.
Each of these models serves different but complementary roles in analyzing and designing systems, from simple workflows to complex systems characterized by concurrent and parallel processes.